The Latvian Collegium of Sworn Advocates is an independent professional corporation of Latvian sworn advocates which unites all sworn advocates practising in Latvia. Natural persons shall be united in the Latvian Collegium of Sworn Advocates following the principle of profession in order to maintain the prestige of their profession, promote the professional development, the improvement of the creative abilities and the obtaining of the experience of sworn advocates, in order to fulfil the tasks specified in Laws.
The institutions of the Latvian Collegium of Sworn Advocates are the General Meeting of Sworn Advocates, the Latvian Council of Sworn Advocates, the Audit Board and the Disciplinary Proceedings Commission.
There are 1354 advocate in the Latvian Collegium of Sworn Advocates, from those:
- 1202 sworn advocates (of those 118 – suspended activity, 4 suspended)
- 136 assistants of sworn advocates (of those 12 – suspended activity)
- 14 advocates of the European Union member states practising in Latvia under profession name of their country of residence
- 2 advocate of the European Union member state whose professional qualification has been recognized as appropriate for regular activity in Latvia
(data on 01.07.2022.)
An advocate is an independent and professional lawyer who provides legal assistance in defending and representing the lawful interests of persons in court proceedings and pre-trial investigations, providing legal consultations, preparing legal documents and performing other legal activities. An advocate is a person belonging to the court system and shall be subject only to the Law in his professional activity. An advocate practices a liberal profession and professional activities (practice) of advocate shall be qualified as intellectual work.
After admission to the numbers of sworn advocates the newly admitted sworn advocate gives the oath to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court:
"I swear to be faithful to Latvia, to observe the State laws in good faith and with conviction, to treat the courts and national authority with respect, not to write and speak anything in my work as an advocate that could harm the State, society, family and morality, to honestly fulfil the duties of a sworn advocate, to defend the interests of my authorising persons or the interests of such persons whose cases I conduct, aware that I shall be liable for my actions before the Law."